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Data Prizes and Challenges as Data Collaboratives – Terms and Conditions

Jos Berens, Stefaan Verhulst

An analysis of terms and conditions present in a diversity of data-driven prizes and challenges to better understand governance frameworks of data sharing practices.

Published in The GovLab in 2015

Type

Blog Post

Themes

Governance and Operations

Data-Driven Development Pathways for Progress

World Economic Forum

An overview report from the World Economic Forum on the existing data deficit and the value and impact of big data for sustainable development.

Published in 2015

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Incentives

Governance and Operations

Open Data and Beyond

Frederika Welle Donker, Bastiaan van Loenen, Arnold K. Bregt

A case study examining the opening of private data by Dutch energy network administrator Liander.

Published in International Journal of Geo-Information in 2016

Type

Case Study

Themes

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Mining Mobile Datasets to Enable the Fine-grained Stochastic Simulation of Ebola Diffusion

Nicholas Vogel, Christopher Theisen, Jonathan P. Leidig, Jerry Scripps, Douglas H. Graham, Greg Wolffe

A paper on the use of mobile call records to enable predictive action around Ebola diffusion.

Published in Paper presented at the Procedia Computer Science in 2015

Type

Paper

Themes

Benefits

In Practice

Data Collaboratives: Matching Demand with Supply of (Corporate) Data to solve Public Problems

Stefaan Verhulst, Iryna Susha, Alexander Kostura

A report describing emerging practice, opportunities and challenges in data collaboratives as identified at the International Data Responsibility Conference.

Published in 2016

Type

Essay

Themes

General

Benefits

Incentives

In Practice

The Data Revolution: Finding the Missing Millions

Elizabeth Stuart, Emma Samman, William Avis, Tom Berliner

The Overseas Development Institute’s annual report focused on solutions toward a sustainable data revolution.

Published in 2015

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Data Collaboratives: Exchanging Data to Improve People’s Lives

Stefaan Verhulst, David Sangokoya

An essay on leveraging the potential of data to solve complex public problems through data collaboratives and four critical accelerators towards responsible data sharing and collaboration.

Published in 2015

Type

Essay

Themes

General

Benefits

Incentives

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Mapping the Next Frontier of Open Data: Corporate Data Sharing.

Stefaan Verhulst, David Sangokoya

This essay describes an emerging taxonomy of activities involving corporate data sharing for public good, an emerging trend in which companies share anonymized and aggregated data with third-party users towards data-driven policymaking and greater public good.

Published in Internet Monitor 2014: Reflections on the Digital World: Platforms, Policy, Privacy, and Public Discourse in 2014

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Benefits

In Practice

Governance and Operations

A Systematic Review of Barriers to Data Sharing in Public Health

Willem G van Panhuis, Proma Paul, Claudia Emerson, John Grefenstette, Richard Wilder, Abraham J Herbst, David Heymann, Donald S Burke

A literature review of potential barriers to public health data sharing.

Published in BMC Public Health in 2014

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

Is Bigger Better? The Emergence of Big Data as a Tool for International Development Policy

Linnet Taylor, Ralph Schroeder

A paper describing how data, such as privately held mobile phone data – could improve development policy.

Published in GeoJournal in 2014

Type

Journal Article

Themes

General

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Public-Private Partnerships for Statistics: Lessons Learned, Future Steps.

Nicholas Robin, Thilo Klein, Johannes Jütting

A working paper describing how privately held data sources could fill current gaps in the efforts of National Statistics Offices.

Published in OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers in 2016

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Open Data Partnerships between Firms and Universities: The Role of Boundary Organizations

Markus Perkmann, Henri Schildt

A paper highlighting the advantages of third-party organizations enabling data sharing between industry and academia to uncover new insights to benefit the public good.

Published in Research Policy in 2015

Type

Journal Article

Themes

General

Incentives

Risks and Challenges

Governance and Operations

Flooding through the Lens of Mobile Phone Activity

David Pastor-Escuredo, Alfredo Morales-Guzám, Yolanda Torres-Fernández, Jean-Martin Bauer, Amit Wadhwa, Carlos Castro-Correa, Liudmyla Romanoff, Jong Gun Lee, Alex Rutherford, Vanessa Frias-Martinez, Nuria Oliver, Enrique Frias-Martinez, Miguel Luengo-Oroz

An analysis of aggregated and anonymized call details records (CDR) conducted in collaboration with the UN, Government of Mexico, academia and Telefonica suggests high potential in using shared telecom data to improve early warning and emergency management mechanisms.

Published in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC) in 2014

Type

Paper

Themes

Benefits

Incentives

In Practice

Private Data and the Public Good

Gideon Mann

The transcript of a keynote talk on the potential of leveraging corporate data to help solve public problems.

Published in 2016

Type

Blog Post

Themes

General

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

Governance and Operations

The Use and Misuse of Biomedical Data: Is Bigger Really Better?

Sharona Hoffman, Andy Podgurski

A journal article primarily focused on the risks involved in health data pooling.

Published in American Journal of Law & Medicine in 2013

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

Sea Change in Open Science and Data Sharing: Leadership by Industry

Harlan M. Krumholz, Cary P. Gross, Katrina L. Blount, Jessica D. Ritchie, Beth Hodshon, Richard Lehman, Joseph S. Ross

A review of industry-led efforts and cross-sector collaborations to share data from clinical trials to inform clinical practice.

Published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes in 2015

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Incentives

In Practice

A Decision Model for Data Sharing

Silja M. Eckartz, Wout J. Hofman, Anne Fleur Van Veenstra

A paper proposing a decision model for data sharing arrangements aimed at addressing identified risks and challenges.

Published in International Conference on Electronic Government in 2014

Type

Report

Themes

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

Enabling Humanitarian Use of Mobile Phone Data

Cameron F. Kerry, Jake Kendall, Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye

An issues paper from the Brookings Institution on leveraging the benefits of mobile phone data for humanitarian use while minimizing risks to privacy.

Published in 2016

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Data Sharing for Public Health: Key Lessons from Other Sectors

Matthew Brack, Tito Castillo

A Chatham House report describing the need for data sharing and collaboration for global public health emergencies and potential lessons learned from the commercial sector.

Published in Chatham House in 2015

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Governance and Operations

Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice

Chris Ansell, Alison Gash

A journal article describing the emerging practice of public-private partnerships, particularly those built around data sharing.

Published in Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory in 2007

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Governance and Operations

Big Data and Positive Social Change in the Developing World: A White Paper for Practitioners and Researchers

Bellagio Big Data Workshop Participants

A white paper describing the potential of big data, and corporate data in particular, to positively benefit development efforts.

Published in 2014

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maximizing Benefits, Minimizing Risk

Institute of Medicine

A consensus, peer-revieed IOM report recommending how to promote responsible clinical trial data sharing and minimize risks and challenges of sharing.

Published in 2015

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

Data Responsibility: A New Social Good for the Information Age

Stefaan Verhulst

An essay offering a new understanding of data responsibility comprising a duty to share, a data to protect, and a duty to act.

Published in The Conversation in 2016

Type

Essay

Themes

General

Benefits

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Data Collaboratives as a New Frontier of Cross-Sector Partnerships in the Age of Open Data: Taxonomy Development

Iryna Susha, Marijn Janssen, Stefaan Verhulst

A research paper providing a new taxonomy for types of data collaboratives.

Published in Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences in 2017

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Governance and Operations

The Legacy of inBloom

Monica Bulger, Patrick McCormick, Mikaela Pitcan

A report exploring the history of inBloom, and education technology and data platform launched in 2013 and ended a year later.

Published in Data & Society Working Paper Series in 2017

Type

Report

Themes

Risks and Challenges

In Practice

Corporate Social Responsibility for a Data Age

Stefaan G. Verhulst

This article investigates how companies use their data for social good, and identifies an emerging field of “data responsibility” where proprietary data can be used as a social asset.

Published in Stanford Social Innovation Review in 2017

Type

Essay

Magazine Article

Themes

Benefits

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Data collaboratives as “bazaars”? A review of coordination problems and mechanisms to match demand for data with supply

Iryna Susha, Marijn Janssen, Stefaan Verhulst

Focusses on the operational challenges on implementing Data Collaboratives.

Published in Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, Vol. 11 Issue: 1 in 2017

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Risks and Challenges

Operations

In Practice

Assessing the Quality of Mobile Phone Data as a Source of Statistics

Freddy De Meersman, Gerdy Seynaeve, Marc Debusschere, Patrick Lusyne, Pieter Dewitte, Youri Baeyens, Albrecht Wirthmann, Christophe Demunter, Fernando Reis, Hannes I. Reuter

This paper presented at the 2016 European Conference on Quality in Official Statistic assesses the ability for mobile phone data in Belgium to be used to collect official statistics, comparing data collected from mobile phones with official census data.

Published in European Conference on Quality in Official Statistics (Q2016) in 2016

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Benefits

In Practice

Governance and Operations

Using Collaboration to Harness Big Data for Social Good

Jake Porway

This articles provides non profits with three guiding principles on how to effectively incorporate data science into their operations.

Published in Stanford Social Innovation Review in 2017

Type

Magazine Article

Themes

Operations

In Practice

Governance and Operations

The State of Mobile Data for Social Good Report

UN Global Pulse, GSMA

“This report outlines the value of harnessing mobile data for social good and provides an analysis of the gaps. Its aim is to survey the landscape today, assess the current barriers to scale, and make recommendations for a way forward.”

Published in 2017

Type

Report

Case Study

Themes

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Understanding Corporate Data Sharing Decisions: Practices, Challenges, and Opportunities for Sharing Corporate Data with Researchers

Future of Privacy Forum

“In this report, we aim to contribute to the literature by seeking the ‘ground truth’ from the corporate sector about the challenges they encounter when they consider making data available for academic research.”

Published in 2017

Type

Report

Themes

Benefits

Incentives

Risks and Challenges

Data Responsibility

In Practice

How the Data That Internet Companies Collect Can Be Used for the Public Good

Andrew Young, Stefaan Verhulst

An article describing lessons learned regarding data collaboratives built on leveraging social media intelligence

Published in Harvard Business Review in 2018

Type

Magazine Article

Themes

Benefits

Data Responsibility

In Practice

Data collaboratives as “bazaars”?: A review of coordination problems and mechanisms to match demand for data with supply

Iryna Susha, Marijn Janssen, Stefaan Verhulst

Published in Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy in 2017

Type

Journal Article

Themes

Data Responsibility

A New Model for Industry-Academic Partnerships

Gary King, Nate Persily

Published in 2018

Type

Paper

Themes

General

How the Data That Internet Companies Collect Can Be Used for the Public Good

Stefaan Verhulst, Andrew Young

Data collaboratives can help harness the value of data held by the private sector and create a new added value that can address various public issues. This article delineates the potential of public-private partnership for data sharing, and proposes a data responsibility framework that serves as a guideline as well as a safeguard to protect from the risks involved in data sharing.

Published in Harvard Business Review in 2018

Type

Essay

Themes

Data Responsibility

Data responsibility: using corporate data to improve our lives

Stefaan Verhulst

Stefaan Verhulst’s latest work centers on how technology can improve people’s lives and the creation of more effective and collaborative forms of governance. Specifically, he is interested in the perils and promise of collaborative technologies and how to harness the unprecedented volume of information to advance the public good.

Published in TedxMidAtlantic in 2017

Type

Paper

Themes

Data Responsibility

Nowcasting Prices Using Google Trends: An Application to Central America

Skipper Seabold, Andrea Coppola

This study seeks to assess the possibility of using Google Trends data for forecasting price series in Central America. It discusses some of the challenges inherent in working with it in the context of developing countries. It finds that the addition of the Internet search index improves forecasting over benchmark models in about 20 percent of the series and discusses the reasons for the varied success and potential avenues for future research.

Published in World Bank in 2015

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Risks and Challenges

Guidance on sharing private sector data in the European data economy

European Commission

The European Commission published this accompanying document to the Communication “Towards a common European data space”. This “Staff Working Document aims to provide a toolbox for companies that are data holders, data users, or both at the same time. For this purpose, it contains a “How to” guide on legal, business and technical aspects of data sharing that can be used in practice when considering and preparing data transfers between companies coming from the same or different sectors.”

Published in European Commission in 2018

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Data Responsibility

Governance and Operations

Communication towards a common European data space

European Commission

The European Commission published this document for the following purpose: “With this Communication, the Commission proposes a package of measures as a key step towards a common data space in the EU - a seamless digital area with the scale that will enable the development of new products and services based on data.”

Published in European Commission in 2018

Type

Paper

Themes

General

Benefits

Governance and Operations

Unlocking Privately-Held Data to the Benefit of the Many

Alberto Alemanno

This article identifies the major challenges of unlocking private-held data to the benefit of society and sketches a research agenda for scholars interested in collaborative and regulatory solutions aimed at unlocking privately-held data for good.

Published in European Journal of Risk Regulation in 2018

Type

Journal Article

Themes

General

Benefits

Risks and Challenges

City Data Exchange - Lessons Learned from A Public/Private Data Collaboration

Municipality of Copenhagen and Capital Region of Denmark

The City Data Exchange a collaborative project created by the Municipality of Copenhagen, the Capital Region of Denmark, and Hitachi to create a marketplace for public and private organizations to take part in data exchange.

Published in 2018

Type

Report

Paper

Themes

General

Data Responsibility

Governance and Operations

Technology and satellite companies open up a world of data

Gabriel Popkin

“In the past few years, technology and satellite companies’ offerings to scientists have increased dramatically. Thousands of researchers now use high-resolution data from commercial satellites for their work. […] Researchers use the new capabilities to track and visualize forest and coral-reef loss; monitor farm crops to boost yields; and predict glacier melt and disease outbreaks.”

Published in Nature in 2018

Type

Journal Article

Themes

General

Benefits

In Practice